At the age of fifteen Moshe returned to his home town to find that it had been ravaged by the war and there was no sign of the house he had known as his home, but a pile of rubble.

Moshe, a son of a tailor in a small town of Lukow, was only ten years old when the Second World War started in Poland. His family town of Lukow became a transit point for thousands of Jews from Poland and abroad transported to death camp in Treblinka. The Jewish community of Lukow was completely liquidated in May 1943.

Moshe’s family managed to leave the town before the mass murders began and leave for Russia. There, they spent the war. When after liberation of Poland the family returned to Lukow, they found no trace left of their former home. The family decided to leave Poland and move to a DP camp in Germany, in the Bamberg- Regensburg district, where they could await for emigration to Palestine and a new start in life.

In the camp Moshe. At that point aged sixteen, started quickly catching up on five years of lost school education. He also enrolled in an eight month vocational course in locksmiths training. In 1948 the family left for Israel. [1]

[1] Source: World ORT Archive: Hugh Warner, ‘The Redemption of Moshe’ ORT (Distrikt Bamberg-Regensburg) December 1947, p.11