Camps around Rome, the city with the largest Jewish population in Italy, constituted the administrative center of DP life in Italy. ORT conducted extensive work in the area with number of large schools in the Italian capital and the surrounding camps. Work was also conducted in many training farms around the city.
Rome was the city with the largest Jewish community in Italy and the administrative centre of Jewish refugees in Italy. In order to best fulfil the needs of local population, ORT's courses in Rome were aimed at both DPs and Italian Jews. In 1948 ORT trade school in the city had 253 students and ran courses in knitting, embroidery, sewing, tailoring and dress cutting. Training for mechanics, television technicians, secretaries and salesmen was conducted in the building in via San Francisco di Sales. A school for radio technology was organized in collaboration with the state school for radio technology. A very successful ladies’ hairdressing course was run at via Sistina. An important undertaking was a school for needle trade which was attended by fifty girls aged thirteen onwards. Alongside vocational training, pupils from this school received instruction in general subjects such as mathematics, Hebrew, Italian and Jewish history. Most of the students were orphans or came from very poor Italian-Jewish families. ORT schools in Rome also ran examinations for DPs who were educated before the war and needed appropriate certificates to undertake professional work.
In July 1948 ORT reported from Rome about the development of the course in mechanical knitting:
‘This school, which has one of the first institutions in this area, is now( April 1947) rapidly approaching its end. The students of the fifth course are now in the last stages of their training, and will undergo examinations at the end of June. Good news was received from former students of the school, who could successfully resettle as independent artisans in Italy, Australia, Paraguay, and France. During the last two months, 31 students have received their diplomas. The 12 machines at our disposal permitted training of three student groups divided into three shifts of three hours each. The necessary wool for practical exercises was mainly furnished by IRO, for which organization many items such as pullovers, women's caps, scarves etc. have been manufactured. The course in knitted confection is about to start training a third group of pupils. It is interesting to notice that the pupils of this course are mainly wives or sisters of the students of the mechanical knitting course. Many of these family groups will certainly resettle as independent artisans in the countries to which they will emigrate.’