array(4 items)
   caller => 'TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\DatabaseConnection::exec_SELECTquery' (60 chars)
   ERROR => 'Table 'dpcamps.tx_realurl_pathcache' doesn't exist' (50 chars)
   lastBuiltQuery => 'SELECT pagepath FROM tx_realurl_pathcache WHERE page_id=386 AND language_id=
      0 AND rootpage_id=1 AND mpvar='' AND expire=0 LIMIT 1
' (129 chars) debug_backtrace => 'call_user_func#34 // {closure}# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Http\Application->r
      un#33 // TYPO3\CMS\Core\Core\Bootstrap->handleRequest#78 // TYPO3\CMS\Fro
      ntend\Http\RequestHandler->handleRequest#302 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Page\P
      ageGenerator::renderContent#216 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentO
      bjectRenderer->cObjGet#210 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObj
      ectRenderer->cObjGetSingle#805 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\Conten
      tObjectRenderer->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTemp
      lateContentObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTe
      mplateContentObject->renderFluidView#102 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\Abstract
      TemplateView->render#300 // FluidCache_Standalone_layout_Default_fceb12bb
      09764ac233cd1fccbe4ef1a39de5b411->render#189 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpe
      rs\RenderViewHelper::renderStatic#197 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\AbstractTempla
      teView->renderSection#121 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewH
      elperNode->evaluate#247 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHe
      lper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper
      \AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#249 // call_user_func_array#268 //
      TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\SectionViewHelper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid
      \Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->renderChildren#100 // TYPO3\CMS\Flui
      d\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\AbstractNode->evaluateChildNodes#312 // TYPO3\CM
      S\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewHelperNode->evaluate#48 // TYPO3\CMS\F
      luid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137
       // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#
      249 // call_user_func_array#268 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\CObjectViewHe
      lper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRenderer-&
      gt;cObjGetSingle#119 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRender
      er->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectArrayCont
      entObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRe
      nderer->cObjGet#41 /...
' (4690 chars)
array(4 items)
   caller => 'TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\DatabaseConnection::exec_SELECTquery' (60 chars)
   ERROR => 'Table 'dpcamps.tx_realurl_pathcache' doesn't exist' (50 chars)
   lastBuiltQuery => 'SELECT pagepath FROM tx_realurl_pathcache WHERE page_id=368 AND language_id=
      0 AND rootpage_id=1 AND mpvar='' AND expire=0 LIMIT 1
' (129 chars) debug_backtrace => 'call_user_func#34 // {closure}# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Http\Application->r
      un#33 // TYPO3\CMS\Core\Core\Bootstrap->handleRequest#78 // TYPO3\CMS\Fro
      ntend\Http\RequestHandler->handleRequest#302 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Page\P
      ageGenerator::renderContent#216 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentO
      bjectRenderer->cObjGet#210 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObj
      ectRenderer->cObjGetSingle#805 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\Conten
      tObjectRenderer->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTemp
      lateContentObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTe
      mplateContentObject->renderFluidView#102 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\Abstract
      TemplateView->render#300 // FluidCache_Standalone_layout_Default_fceb12bb
      09764ac233cd1fccbe4ef1a39de5b411->render#189 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpe
      rs\RenderViewHelper::renderStatic#197 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\AbstractTempla
      teView->renderSection#121 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewH
      elperNode->evaluate#247 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHe
      lper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper
      \AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#249 // call_user_func_array#268 //
      TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\SectionViewHelper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid
      \Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->renderChildren#100 // TYPO3\CMS\Flui
      d\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\AbstractNode->evaluateChildNodes#312 // TYPO3\CM
      S\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewHelperNode->evaluate#48 // TYPO3\CMS\F
      luid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137
       // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#
      249 // call_user_func_array#268 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\CObjectViewHe
      lper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRenderer-&
      gt;cObjGetSingle#119 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRender
      er->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectArrayCont
      entObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRe
      nderer->cObjGet#41 /...
' (4881 chars)
array(4 items)
   caller => 'TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\DatabaseConnection::exec_SELECTquery' (60 chars)
   ERROR => 'Table 'dpcamps.tx_realurl_pathcache' doesn't exist' (50 chars)
   lastBuiltQuery => 'SELECT pagepath FROM tx_realurl_pathcache WHERE page_id=386 AND language_id=
      0 AND rootpage_id=1 AND mpvar='' AND expire=0 LIMIT 1
' (129 chars) debug_backtrace => 'call_user_func#34 // {closure}# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Http\Application->r
      un#33 // TYPO3\CMS\Core\Core\Bootstrap->handleRequest#78 // TYPO3\CMS\Fro
      ntend\Http\RequestHandler->handleRequest#302 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Page\P
      ageGenerator::renderContent#216 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentO
      bjectRenderer->cObjGet#210 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObj
      ectRenderer->cObjGetSingle#805 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\Conten
      tObjectRenderer->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTemp
      lateContentObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTe
      mplateContentObject->renderFluidView#102 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\Abstract
      TemplateView->render#300 // FluidCache_Standalone_layout_Default_fceb12bb
      09764ac233cd1fccbe4ef1a39de5b411->render#189 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpe
      rs\RenderViewHelper::renderStatic#197 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\AbstractTempla
      teView->renderSection#121 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewH
      elperNode->evaluate#247 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHe
      lper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper
      \AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#249 // call_user_func_array#268 //
      TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\SectionViewHelper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid
      \Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->renderChildren#100 // TYPO3\CMS\Flui
      d\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\AbstractNode->evaluateChildNodes#312 // TYPO3\CM
      S\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewHelperNode->evaluate#48 // TYPO3\CMS\F
      luid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137
       // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#
      249 // call_user_func_array#268 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\CObjectViewHe
      lper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRenderer-&
      gt;cObjGetSingle#119 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRender
      er->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectArrayCont
      entObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRe
      nderer->cObjGet#41 /...
' (4881 chars)
array(4 items)
   caller => 'TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\DatabaseConnection::exec_UPDATEquery' (60 chars)
   ERROR => 'Table 'dpcamps.tx_realurl_pathcache' doesn't exist' (50 chars)
   lastBuiltQuery => 'UPDATE tx_realurl_pathcache SET expire=(UNIX_TIMESTAMP()+(5184000)) WHERE pa
      ge_id=386 AND language_id=0 AND rootpage_id=1 AND mpvar='' AND expire=0 AND
      pagepath<>'dp-stories/holocaust-survivors-in-post-war-europe'
' (213 chars) debug_backtrace => 'call_user_func#34 // {closure}# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Http\Application->r
      un#33 // TYPO3\CMS\Core\Core\Bootstrap->handleRequest#78 // TYPO3\CMS\Fro
      ntend\Http\RequestHandler->handleRequest#302 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Page\P
      ageGenerator::renderContent#216 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentO
      bjectRenderer->cObjGet#210 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObj
      ectRenderer->cObjGetSingle#805 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\Conten
      tObjectRenderer->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTemp
      lateContentObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTe
      mplateContentObject->renderFluidView#102 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\Abstract
      TemplateView->render#300 // FluidCache_Standalone_layout_Default_fceb12bb
      09764ac233cd1fccbe4ef1a39de5b411->render#189 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpe
      rs\RenderViewHelper::renderStatic#197 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\AbstractTempla
      teView->renderSection#121 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewH
      elperNode->evaluate#247 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHe
      lper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper
      \AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#249 // call_user_func_array#268 //
      TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\SectionViewHelper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid
      \Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->renderChildren#100 // TYPO3\CMS\Flui
      d\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\AbstractNode->evaluateChildNodes#312 // TYPO3\CM
      S\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewHelperNode->evaluate#48 // TYPO3\CMS\F
      luid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137
       // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#
      249 // call_user_func_array#268 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\CObjectViewHe
      lper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRenderer-&
      gt;cObjGetSingle#119 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRender
      er->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectArrayCont
      entObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRe
      nderer->cObjGet#41 /...
' (4767 chars)
array(4 items)
   caller => 'TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\DatabaseConnection::exec_SELECTquery' (60 chars)
   ERROR => 'Table 'dpcamps.tx_realurl_pathcache' doesn't exist' (50 chars)
   lastBuiltQuery => 'SELECT COUNT(*) AS t FROM tx_realurl_pathcache WHERE page_id=386 AND languag
      e_id=0 AND rootpage_id=1 AND mpvar='' AND pagepath='dp-stories/holocaust-sur
      vivors-in-post-war-europe' AND expire<>0
' (192 chars) debug_backtrace => 'call_user_func#34 // {closure}# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Http\Application->r
      un#33 // TYPO3\CMS\Core\Core\Bootstrap->handleRequest#78 // TYPO3\CMS\Fro
      ntend\Http\RequestHandler->handleRequest#302 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Page\P
      ageGenerator::renderContent#216 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentO
      bjectRenderer->cObjGet#210 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObj
      ectRenderer->cObjGetSingle#805 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\Conten
      tObjectRenderer->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTemp
      lateContentObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTe
      mplateContentObject->renderFluidView#102 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\Abstract
      TemplateView->render#300 // FluidCache_Standalone_layout_Default_fceb12bb
      09764ac233cd1fccbe4ef1a39de5b411->render#189 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpe
      rs\RenderViewHelper::renderStatic#197 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\AbstractTempla
      teView->renderSection#121 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewH
      elperNode->evaluate#247 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHe
      lper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper
      \AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#249 // call_user_func_array#268 //
      TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\SectionViewHelper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid
      \Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->renderChildren#100 // TYPO3\CMS\Flui
      d\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\AbstractNode->evaluateChildNodes#312 // TYPO3\CM
      S\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewHelperNode->evaluate#48 // TYPO3\CMS\F
      luid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137
       // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#
      249 // call_user_func_array#268 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\CObjectViewHe
      lper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRenderer-&
      gt;cObjGetSingle#119 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRender
      er->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectArrayCont
      entObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRe
      nderer->cObjGet#41 /...
' (4822 chars)
array(4 items)
   caller => 'TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\DatabaseConnection::exec_SELECTquery' (60 chars)
   ERROR => 'Table 'dpcamps.tx_realurl_pathcache' doesn't exist' (50 chars)
   lastBuiltQuery => 'SELECT COUNT(*) AS t FROM tx_realurl_pathcache WHERE page_id=386 AND languag
      e_id=0 AND rootpage_id=1 AND mpvar='' AND pagepath='dp-stories/holocaust-sur
      vivors-in-post-war-europe' AND expire=0
' (191 chars) debug_backtrace => 'call_user_func#34 // {closure}# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Http\Application->r
      un#33 // TYPO3\CMS\Core\Core\Bootstrap->handleRequest#78 // TYPO3\CMS\Fro
      ntend\Http\RequestHandler->handleRequest#302 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Page\P
      ageGenerator::renderContent#216 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentO
      bjectRenderer->cObjGet#210 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObj
      ectRenderer->cObjGetSingle#805 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\Conten
      tObjectRenderer->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTemp
      lateContentObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTe
      mplateContentObject->renderFluidView#102 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\Abstract
      TemplateView->render#300 // FluidCache_Standalone_layout_Default_fceb12bb
      09764ac233cd1fccbe4ef1a39de5b411->render#189 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpe
      rs\RenderViewHelper::renderStatic#197 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\AbstractTempla
      teView->renderSection#121 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewH
      elperNode->evaluate#247 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHe
      lper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper
      \AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#249 // call_user_func_array#268 //
      TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\SectionViewHelper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid
      \Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->renderChildren#100 // TYPO3\CMS\Flui
      d\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\AbstractNode->evaluateChildNodes#312 // TYPO3\CM
      S\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewHelperNode->evaluate#48 // TYPO3\CMS\F
      luid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137
       // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#
      249 // call_user_func_array#268 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\CObjectViewHe
      lper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRenderer-&
      gt;cObjGetSingle#119 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRender
      er->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectArrayCont
      entObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRe
      nderer->cObjGet#41 /...
' (4822 chars)
array(4 items)
   caller => 'TYPO3\CMS\Core\Database\DatabaseConnection::exec_INSERTquery' (60 chars)
   ERROR => 'Table 'dpcamps.tx_realurl_pathcache' doesn't exist' (50 chars)
   lastBuiltQuery => 'INSERT INTO tx_realurl_pathcache (page_id,language_id,pagepath,expire,rootpa
      ge_id,mpvar) VALUES ('386','0','dp-stories/holocaust-survivors-in-post-war-e
      urope','0','1','')
' (170 chars) debug_backtrace => 'call_user_func#34 // {closure}# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Http\Application->r
      un#33 // TYPO3\CMS\Core\Core\Bootstrap->handleRequest#78 // TYPO3\CMS\Fro
      ntend\Http\RequestHandler->handleRequest#302 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Page\P
      ageGenerator::renderContent#216 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentO
      bjectRenderer->cObjGet#210 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObj
      ectRenderer->cObjGetSingle#805 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\Conten
      tObjectRenderer->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTemp
      lateContentObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\FluidTe
      mplateContentObject->renderFluidView#102 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\Abstract
      TemplateView->render#300 // FluidCache_Standalone_layout_Default_fceb12bb
      09764ac233cd1fccbe4ef1a39de5b411->render#189 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpe
      rs\RenderViewHelper::renderStatic#197 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\View\AbstractTempla
      teView->renderSection#121 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewH
      elperNode->evaluate#247 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHe
      lper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper
      \AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#249 // call_user_func_array#268 //
      TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\SectionViewHelper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid
      \Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->renderChildren#100 // TYPO3\CMS\Flui
      d\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\AbstractNode->evaluateChildNodes#312 // TYPO3\CM
      S\Fluid\Core\Parser\SyntaxTree\ViewHelperNode->evaluate#48 // TYPO3\CMS\F
      luid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->initializeArgumentsAndRender#137
       // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\Core\ViewHelper\AbstractViewHelper->callRenderMethod#
      249 // call_user_func_array#268 // TYPO3\CMS\Fluid\ViewHelpers\CObjectViewHe
      lper->render# // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRenderer-&
      gt;cObjGetSingle#119 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRender
      er->render#859 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectArrayCont
      entObject->render#943 // TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\ContentObject\ContentObjectRe
      nderer->cObjGet#41 /...
' (4752 chars)
Home: ORT and the DP Camps
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ORT's Work During the War

The outbreak of the Second World War did not stop the work of ORT and other relief organizations and their social and educational programmes relating to Jews in Europe. Despite the atrocities of the war, the work continued. It was aimed firstly at Jewish refugees, who sought asylum in countries not yet taken over by the war. Secondly, it was conducted in the ghettos of Eastern Europe-closed parts of towns and cities, mainly in Eastern Europe, in which Germans concentrated the Jewish population, before either killing them in the vicinity of the ghetto or deporting them to death, concentration of forced-labour camps. [Read More]

Survivors in Post-War Europe

On 9 May 1945, the unconditional surrender of Germany signified the end of the Second World War in Europe. The Jewish community in Europe was all but destroyed. One of the greatest challenges for the international community was the fate of 9 million forced labourers and 80,000 concentration camp inmates who at the end of the war were abandoned in Germany. The Allied forces had started preparing for this problem during the war and in November 1944 it was decided on creation of assembly centres for displaced persons, the so called DP camps, which for many thousands of Holocaust survivors were to be the first step to building a new life.  [Read More]

ORT and Rehabilitation

The end of the Second World War presented ORT and other relief organizations with an immense set of challenges. Those few who survived- whether waiting for immigration in the DP camps or returning to the former countries, had to be provided with immediate help. As many as 80,000 Jews passed through ORT training projects immediately after the war- ranging from young Jews who had been deprived of any education during the war and older artisans who needed skills to build their lives in the new countries.
 [Read More]